Decreased Cerebral Blood Flow in Patients With COVID – 19 Who Self-Isolated

Key Takeaways

  • In the months after infection with COVID-19 (post-COVID condition), adults who previously self-isolated at home with COVID-19 exhibited decreased cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the thalamus, orbitofrontal cortex, and regions of the basal ganglia when compared with patients with flu-like symptoms without COVID-19 diagnosis.
  • Among patients with COVID-19 who self-isolated, patients with self-reported ongoing fatigue had CBF differences in the occipital and parietal regions when compared with patients without self-reported ongoing fatigue.

Why This Matters

  • The long-term consequences of COVID-19 on brain physiology and function are still being characterized and are needed to relieve pressure on strained healthcare systems worldwide.
  • The study suggested cerebral blood flow evaluation may signify long-term changes in brain physiology in adults across the post-COVID timeframe.
  • Cerebral blood flow studies may contribute to characterize the heterogenous symptoms of the post-COVID condition.

Study Design

  • This observational cohort study included a total of 50 patients who were recruited from the Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center between May 2020 and September 2021. Patients were between age 20-75 years with evidence of positive or negative COVID-19 diagnosis.
  • Excluded patients from the study had a previous diagnosis of dementia, an existing neurologic disorder, previous traumatic brain injury, severe psychiatric illness, or ongoing unstable cardiovascular disease.
  • Among the patients, the post-COVID group consisted of 39 participants that previously self-isolated at home because of COVID-19 and were an average of 116.5 days ± 62.2 days since positive diagnosis before undergoing arterial spin labeling (ASL) MRI. They were compared with a control group of 11 patients with flu-like symptoms but with negative COVID-19 diagnosis.
  • Participants underwent ASL MRI and voxel-wise analysis of CBF to assess for betweengroup differences.

Key Results

  • The post-COVID group exhibited decreased CBF in the thalamus, orbitofrontal cortex, and regions of the basal ganglia, including the caudate, nucleus accumbens, putamen, and pallidum. No regions of the brain had increased CBF in patients in post-COVID condition.
  • Within the post-COVID group, 11 patients with self-reported ongoing fatigue had CBF differences in the superior occipital and parietal regions (superior lateral occipital cortex, angular gyrus, superior parietal lobule, and supramarginal gyrus) and inferior occipital regions (lingual gyrus, occipital fusiform gyrus, intracalcarine cortex, and precuneous cortex) compared with 28 patients without self-reported ongoing fatigue.


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